Physics Department is one of the eldest departments of St. Petersburg
University. It was founded in 1923, and since then the educational and
scientific research staff of the department have converged to a unique
scientific school of global geophysics.
The scientific and pedagogical principles were elaborated by the
leading geophysicists of the USSR — by professors P.N. Tverskoy, P.M.
Nikiforov, V.B. Bursian, N.V. Rose and by the author of world–famous
handbook "Earth Magnetism" B.M. Yanovsky, who was the head of the
department for many years.
From the very first years of the department activities as an
educational–scientific centre of geophysics in Russia, the bringing up
the specialists (students and post–graduate students) as well as
scientific research were based on complex investigations of Earth as a
planet, including all its spheres: internal — from the Earth's core and
external till outer spheres of the Sun. These investigations are
fulfilled with the whole spectrum of geophysical methods: seismic,
electric, magnetic, gravitational and electromagnetic. Our department
gave birth to such branches of geophysics as paleomagnetism,
magnetotelluric research, physics of Earth-Sun interactions, dynamic
theory of seismic waves propagation in Earth, statistical methods of
reverse geophysical problems solution. One of the major features of
global geophysics school, which exists for more than forty years, is
the idea, which now became a tradition, of constant scientific
collaboration scientists of different specialities within the
department and also with the colleagues from Russia and abroad.