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Bachelor programme:

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Bachelor's courses

Master of Science programme:

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Physics of solar–terrestrial relationships
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Seismology
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Geoelectrics
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Paleo- and rock magnetism
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Waves in elastic media
PALAEMAGNETISM AND ROCK MAGNETISM
Investigation of the Earth magnetic field is one of the mainstreams of the modern geophysics: the morphology of modern field is studied in connection with questions of navigations and problems of the magnetic geophysical exploring; history of field (palaeomagnetism) — as practically the only geophysical method of studying the Earth interiors evolution: its core and processes running in it, quantitative analysis of processes of the forming a terrestrial crust (new global tectonic). The Master Program "Palaeomagnetism and Rock Magnetism" is oriented to qualify the multidimensional geophysicists with specialization in the field of the modern geomagnetism and palaeomagnetism, including all-around training for the whole complex of methods of palaeomagnetism studies.

Disciplines (Lectures)

Principles of the geophysical inverse problem solution
The mathematical grounds for solution of the inverse problems of geophysics are given. The methods of regularization for incorrectly stated problems are considered. Statistical methods of estimation of searching parameters for geophysical objects are presented. The algorithms for rayed and diffractional geophysical tomography are considered.
Data analysis and processing of geophysical information
The modern methods of geophysical data processing are considered: Fourier transform, Laplace transform, correlation analysis, estimate of the power spectrum, mutual spectral analysis, maximum entropy spectral analysis, cepstrum analysis, deconvolution (inverse) filtering, bondpass filtering, Batteruorte filtering, wave propagation in the layed media as filtering process, velocity filtering, gomomorphic filtering.
Geothermics and radiometry
Heat flow, temperature evaluation by heat flow data. Estimation of the Earth's interior uppermost and lowermost temperature starting from elastic properties of rocks: temperature of melting and adiabatic compression. Temperature assessment on the base of the Earth's electrical conductivity data. Thermal history of the Earth. Main contributors of the heat inside the Earth. The problem of the Earth's heating as a consequence of radioactive elements decomposition.
General geology
The subject of geology, its branches. Endogenous, exogenous and metamorphic processes in Earth crust. Introduction to minerology and petrology. Geophysical methoads in geology. Geotectonic zoning of Russia, its mineral resources and possibility to increase it.
Lectures are followed by geological practice in Crimea.

Disciplines (Lectures) for choice

Paleo– and archeomagnetism
The course reviews the current state–of–art in archeo– and paleomagnetism. The introductory part gives a summary of main ideas concerning the present–day geomagnetic field: surface distribution of its elements and their variation; a notion of paleomagnetic dipole is introduced. Basic postulates of paleomagnetism are formulated. Methods of archeo– and paleomagnetic investigations are reviewed, and the results obtained are discussed.
Methods of reception of paleomagnetic information
The course gives basic knowledge of physical and geophysical grounds of paleomagnetism as a branch of geophysics; the role of paleomagnetism in the creation of modern geology and geophysics is highlighted. A notion of paleomagnetic information is introduced; principles of interpretation of paleomagnetic data and methods of evaluation of the reliability of paleomagnetic results are considered. Methods of paleomagnetic measurements are reviewed as applied for igneous and sedimentary rocks with the emphasis of peculiarity of various kinds of rocks as paleomagnetic recorders.
Foundations of ferromagnetism
The main subject of the course is all the magnetic phenomena — paramagnetism, diamagnetism and ferromagnetism. The most part of the course is devoted to the study of ferromagnetics because they are responsible for rock–magnetic phenomena. The classical theories of paraand diamagnetism (after Langevin, Weiss, Frenkel, Geizenberg) as well as modern conception of quantum mechanics concerning the origin of ferromagnetism are considered in the course. Much attention is given to the theory of isothermal magnetization, energetic balance during remagnetization processes, magnetic anisotropy of magnetic crystals, theory of domain structure, magnetic hysteresis, and to the magnetization processes of single– and pseudosingledomain particles and subsingledomain areas. The influence of physical defects in crystal lattice on magnetization of real crystals as well as dependence of structure-sensible parameters of ferrits on temperature are considered.
Rock Magnetism
The course is destined to M.Sc. students in geophysics specializing in the field of Palaeomagnetology and Rock-magnetism. Rocks are very specific magnetic objects. They contain all possible kinds of physical defects of ferrimagnetic crystals dispersed among non-magnetic (silicate) matrix. There are also many kinds of remanent magnetization of rocks, which is the main "carrier" of palaeomagnetic information in rocks. The main kinds of magnetic state of rocks, coercive spectrum, Preisach-Neel diagram conception, magnetic properties of main natural ferromagnetic minerals are considered in the course. Much attention is paid to structural features of magnetite. Several lectures are devoted to the low-temperature memory of magnetite-bearing rocks as well as to high-temperature magnetic memory of hypergenetically altered (cationdeficient) magnetites.