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TA15 magnetic field model

About this model

A forecasting model of the magnetosphere driven by optimal solar-wind coupling functions by N. A. Tsyganenko and V. A. Andreeva

A new empirical magnetospheric magnetic field model is described, driven by interplanetary parameters including a coupling function by Newell et al. (2007) or, alternatively, by Boynton et al. (2011), termed henceforth as "N\mathcal{N}-index" and "B\mathcal{B}-index", respectively. The model uses data from Polar, Geotail, Cluster, and Themis satellites, obtained in 1995-2013 at distances 360 RE3-60~R_E. The model magnetopause is based on Lin et al. (2010) boundary driven by the solar wind pressure, IMF Bz and the geodipole tilt. The model field includes contributions from the symmetric ring current (SRC), partial ring current (PRC) with associated Region 2 field-aligned currents (R2 FAC), tail, Region 1 (R1) FAC, and a penetrated IMF. Increase in the N\mathcal{N}- or B\mathcal{B}-index results in progressively larger magnitudes of all the field sources, the most dramatic growth being found for the PRC and R1 FAC. The solar wind dynamic pressure Pdyn\rm{P_{dyn}} affects the model magnetotail current in proportion to the factor [Pdyn/<Pdyn>]ζ[\rm{P_{dyn}/<P_{dyn}>}]^{\zeta} where the exponent ζ{\zeta} on the order of 0.4-0.6 steadily decreases with increasing N\mathcal{N}- or B\mathcal{B}-index. The PRC peaks near midnight at quiet N0\mathcal{N}\sim 0 or B0\mathcal{B}\sim 0 but turns duskward as the indices grow toward the high end of their range (~1-2). At ionospheric altitudes, both R1 and R2 FAC expand equatorward with growing N\mathcal{N}- or B\mathcal{B}- index and Pdyn\rm{P_{dyn}}, and the R2 zone rotates westward. Larger values of N\mathcal{N} or B\mathcal{B} result in a more efficient penetration of the IMF into the magnetosphere and larger magnetic flux connection across the magnetopause. Growth of the dipole tilt is accompanied by a persistent and significant decrease of the total current in all magnetospheric field sources.

One can find a concise description of the model here.

Source code

Yearly input parameter files

Yearly files (1995-2020) below contain complete sets of input parameters for the TA15 magnetospheric magnetic field model including Pdyn, ByIMF, BzIMF, dipole tilt angle, and N\mathcal{N}-index and B\mathcal{B}-index. Each file has the name 'YEAR_OMNI_5m_with_TA15_drivers.dat' and it is about 13MB. Data format is explained in this file and in the model description.

Download input parameters format

How to cite

Tsyganenko, N. A., and Andreeva, V. A. (2015), A forecasting model of the magnetosphere driven by an optimal solar wind coupling function, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 8401- 8425,